Humanoid robots would “wear” tissue grafts before transplantation.

Two University of Oxford biomedical researchers are calling for robots to be built with real human tissue, and they say the technology is there if we only choose to develop it. Writing in Science Robotics, Pierre-Alexis Mouthuy and Andrew Carr argue that humanoid robots could be the exact tool we need to create muscle and tendon grafts that actually work.

Right now, tissue engineering relies on bioreactors to grow sheets of cells. These machines often look like large fish tanks, filled with a rich soup of nutrients and chemicals that cells need to grow on a specialized trellis. The problem, explain Mouthuy and Carr, is that bioreactors currently “fail to mimic the real mechanical environment for cells.” In other words, human cells in muscles and tendons grow while being stretched and moved around on our skeletons. Without experiencing these natural stresses, the tissue grafts produced by researchers often have a broad range of structural problems and low cell counts.

That’s where robots come in. The researchers propose a “humanoid-bioreactor system” with “structures, dimensions, and mechanics similar to those of the human body.” As the robot interacted with its environment, tissues growing on its body would receive the typical strains and twists that they would if they grew on an actual human. The result would be healthy tissue, grown for the exact area on the body it was destined to replace. Mouthuy and Carr note that this would be especially helpful for “bone-tendon-muscle grafts… because failure during healing often occurs at the interface between tissues.”

What would this humanoid-bioreactor system look like? It could possibly be built on top of a humanoid robot with “soft robotics” muscles made from electroactive polymers, and the growing muscles could piggyback on those to get their exercise. It would also need to be covered in soft, stretchable sensors to monitor the health of the growing tissues. The result might look a bit like the University of Tokyo’s Kenshiro robot, whose actuators make realistically human movements. Its body would be covered in squishy, fluid-filled bags of engineered tissue. Patients needing tendon replacements in their hands might be able to shake hands or play piano with a robot who is wearing their future tendon grafts.

University of Oxford researchers Mouthuy and Carr suggest their humanoid-bioreactor system might look like this Kinshiro bot, only with human tissue growing on it.

Looking to the future, Mouthuy and Carr suggest that this could be the first step toward “biohybrid humanoids” with “cell-based actuators.” In other words, this robot would be like the Terminator, whose metal endoskeleton is covered in human muscles, tendons, and skin. Obviously, if we want to create truly humanoid robots, it would make sense to eventually create ones whose musculoskeletal systems are made from cellular tissue rather than stretchy polymers. After all, this tissue is self-repairing and perfectly designed to stretch and contract.

MIT roboticist Rodney Brooks predicted many years ago that humans wouldn’t be replaced by robots—we would become them. In this paper about tissue engineering, we can see one possible way that prediction might come true.



Your Tax Free Donations Are Appreciated and Help Fund our Volunteer Website

Disclaimer: We at Prepare for Change (PFC) bring you information that is not offered by the mainstream news, and therefore may seem controversial. The opinions, views, statements, and/or information we present are not necessarily promoted, endorsed, espoused, or agreed to by Prepare for Change, its leadership Council, members, those who work with PFC, or those who read its content. However, they are hopefully provocative. Please use discernment! Use logical thinking, your own intuition and your own connection with Source, Spirit and Natural Laws to help you determine what is true and what is not. By sharing information and seeding dialogue, it is our goal to raise consciousness and awareness of higher truths to free us from enslavement of the matrix in this material realm.


  1. This is clearly dark, unnatural, one more thing to diminish humanity. We have been at this point, in tampering and experimenting before. Remember? It didn’t turn out too well. I trust we learned our lesson and banish these ‘experiments’ before the results come back to harm anyone. This is almost like giving a Mac to a 3 year old. May wisdom & May intelligent minds prevail.

  2. The dark forces actually believe they own us because they got away with manipulating our genes to serve their agendas of violent religions and wars – ARROGANCE!!!!

    The dark forces are nothing less than power seekers who have fallen in consciousness, who seek positions of authority over others (the original meaning of the word ‘sin’) and who seek physical immortality at the expense of others – the gods of Egypt, Atlantis, etc. those who have rejected the Goddess (including the Goddess within themselves) have fallen so far, they can never repay their karmic debt so they seek to have absolute control of Humanity so they will never die from the positions they hold. But without Humanity to leach energies from, they cannot exist. Because they no longer have a soul to learn from, they have a great hatred of Mother-God and all females – creative energies.

    (Their creation, the humanoid reptilians killed all female energies and all females on their planet and they want to do the same thing on Planet Earth. It is the dark forces who are manipulating irresponsible arrogant males to do their dirty work for them.)

  3. The study and research in the world of copying human flesh in function is going on for quite a while now. Working magic and tinkering with our DNA is as old as life itself, if we study the history of Annunaki and planets at war in our long ago past.

    Never has there been actual proof of an entire human body working with a robotic program that makes it work. Unless it’s 100% robotic without a human consciousness present in it, which to me is an impossible task to complete.

    The growth of healthy cells, muscles and organ tissue is always in sync with our consciousness, for the electrical signal in the nerve endings of our nervous system is part of the spark of creation’s consciousness and life force energy is needed to create a physical human body. It’s how the sperm finds the egg and babies begin to grow in the womb, isn’t it?

    To me the world of robots is an artificial world created by an artificial intelligence that is part of that world, meaning that it obeys to the rules of that world and knows no freedom of creation. That robotic worls is a creation by a mind that has no knowledge of love and the magic of life in free expression of form. It can’t do otherwise than follow the rules that are fixed and unchangeable within that format.

    In that robotic mind and world of robotic devices, are laws of creation that are robotic by nature, similar to a computer program, as I perceive it. A world that has a place outside of the eternal presence of a creation force such as is present in the center of our Galaxy and possibly all centers of Galaxies in the Universe.

    Therefore I’m not too much concerned about this statement, which is spot on as I perceive it, but not in the same sense as it’s probably meant by this roboticist:

    “MIT roboticist Rodney Brooks predicted many years ago that humans wouldn’t be replaced by robots—we would become them. In this paper about tissue engineering, we can see one possible way that prediction might come true”.

    As I perceive it and I may risk being naive and too innocent or optimistic, once we’ve become robots we’ll have ended our humanness, so there’s no symbiotic relationship present whatsoever. Either we turn into a robot, by free choice, lossing our humanness entirely, or we remain 100% human, in a physical functioning body, eventually adjusting that body to the characteristics, vibration, of higher dimensional levels. The last option is my idea of a life in freedom of creation and expression.

    By the way, I think it’s wise to explain that the picture with this article is a filmstill and not an example of a human looking robot in existence in real life. I always try to be precise and clear, it’s why I point it out.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here