Written by Dr Mark Imisides (Industrial Chemist)

Scarcely a day goes by without us being warned of coastal inundation by rising seas due to global warming.

Why on earth do we attribute any heating of the oceans to carbon dioxide, when there is a far more obvious culprit, and when such a straightforward examination of the thermodynamics render it impossible.

Carbon dioxide, we are told, traps heat that has been irradiated by the oceans, and this warms the oceans and melts the polar ice caps. While this seems a plausible proposition at first glance, when one actually examines it closely a major flaw emerges.

In a nutshell, water takes a lot of energy to heat up, and air doesn’t contain much. In fact, on a volume/volume basis, the ratio of heat capacities is about 3300 to 1. This means that to heat 1 litre of water by 1˚C it would take 3300 litres of air that was 2˚C hotter, or 1 litre of air that was about 3300˚C hotter!

This shouldn’t surprise anyone. If you ran a cold bath and then tried to heat it by putting a dozen heaters in the room, does anyone believe that the water would ever get hot?

The problem gets even stickier when you consider the size of the ocean. Basically, there is too much water and not enough air.

The ocean contains a colossal 1,500,000,000,000,000,000,000 litres of water! To heat it, even by a small amount, takes a staggering amount of energy. To heat it by a mere 1˚C, for example, an astonishing 6,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 joules of energy are required.

Let’s put this amount of energy in perspective. If we all turned off all our appliances and went and lived in caves, and then devoted every coal, nuclear, gas, hydro, wind and solar power plant to just heating the ocean, it would take a breathtaking 32,000 years to heat the ocean by just this 1˚C!

In short, our influence on our climate, even if we really tried, is miniscule!

So it makes sense to ask the question – if the ocean were to be heated by ‘greenhouse warming’ of the atmosphere, how hot would the air have to get? If the entire ocean is heated by 1˚C, how much would the air have to be heated by to contain enough heat to do the job?

Well, unfortunately for every ton of water there is only a kilogram of air. Taking into account the relative heat capacities and absolute masses, we arrive at the astonishing figure of 4,000˚C.

That is, if we wanted to heat the entire ocean by 1˚C, and wanted to do it by heating the air above it, we’d have to heat the air to about 4,000˚C hotter than the water.

And another problem is that air sits on top of water – how would hot air heat deep into the ocean? Even if the surface warmed, the warm water would just sit on top of the cold water.

Thus, if the ocean were being heated by ‘greenhouse heating’ of the air, we would see a system with enormous thermal lag – for the ocean to be only slightly warmer, the land would have to be substantially warmer, and the air much, much warmer (to create the temperature gradient that would facilitate the transfer of heat from the air to the water).

Therefore any measurable warmth in the ocean would be accompanied by a huge and obvious anomaly in the air temperatures, and we would not have to bother looking at ocean temperatures at all.

So if the air doesn’t contain enough energy to heat the oceans or melt the ice caps, what does?

The earth is tilted on its axis, and this gives us our seasons. When the southern hemisphere is tilted towards the sun, we have more direct sunlight and more of it (longer days). When it is tilted away from the sun, we have less direct sunlight and less of it (shorter days).

The direct result of this is that in summer it is hot and in winter it is cold. In winter we run the heaters in our cars, and in summer the air conditioners. In winter the polar caps freeze over and in summer 60-70% of them melt (about ten million square kilometres). In summer the water is warmer and winter it is cooler (ask any surfer).

All of these changes are directly determined by the amount of sunlight that we get. When the clouds clear and bathe us in sunlight, we don’t take off our jumper because of ‘greenhouse heating’ of the atmosphere, but because of the direct heat caused by the sunlight on our body. The sun’s influence is direct, obvious, and instantaneous.

If the enormous influence of the sun on our climate is so obvious, then, by what act of madness do we look at a variation of a fraction of a percent in any of these variables, and not look to the sun as the cause?

Why on earth (pun intended) do we attribute any heating of the oceans to carbon dioxide, when there is a far more obvious culprit, and when such a straightforward examination of the thermodynamics render it impossible.


Dr. Mark Imisides is an industrial chemist with extensive experience in the chemical industry, encompassing manufacturing, laboratory management, analysis, waste management, dangerous goods and household chemistry. He currently has a media profile in The West Australian newspaper and on Today Tonight. For a sample of his work visit www.drchemical.com.au


Source: https://principia-scientific.org

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  1. Carbon-monoxide is a colorless. odorless very toxic gas from the internal combustion engine. Electric cars do not pollute.

    Carbon-dioxide: Humans breath in air given to us from plants, trees and other elementals that support us. And, we human exhale carbon-dioxide that allow the elemental to produce the air – a photosynthesis process.

    The problems we face today are caused by pollution, including thousands of people smoking toxic cigarettes (including non-organic pot smokers and heavy metal vapors) and toxins like herbicides and insecticides, chemtrails, deforestation chemicals, from war chemicals, from car exhaust, from burning of coal and the ever present threat from nuclear energy.

  2. Não acredito neste artigo, senão vejamos, o sol existe e ilumina a terra há biliões de anos se o problema está no sol então durante estes biliões de anos a temperatura na superfície da terra seria enorme e já não existiria vida. Vamos supor que a temperatura da água subiria 1ºC por cada 100 anos, em biliões de anos qual seria a temperatura das águas?
    Este artigo é muito conveniente para justificar os chemtrails. Um raciocínio inteligente mas mentiroso que pretende enganar mais uma vez os povos e levarr a cabo prgramas militares de envergadura mundial onde todos ficaríamos à mercê dos criminosos que dominam o mundo.

  3. It is not the air the one that heats the water, it is the light which gets trapped in the atmosphere because of the CO2. CO2 reflects part of the light back to earth which would otherwise go to space. Read more here: https://skepticalscience.com/empirical-evidence-for-co2-enhanced-greenhouse-effect.htm

    Scientists are devising plans about how to terra-form Mars using CO2 and yet you people believe articles such as this one.

    Someone commented above, I quote “only sheep’s still believe in the liars of the ruling elite in a way to get new taxes and keeping enslaving them”. If you do not want to be a sheep then start doing your own SCIENTIFIC research. All scientists care about is learning the truth about how things work and not about influencing your believes. Those who do care about influencing you, such as the person writing this misery of an article, do it to exploit you for their benefit.

  4. It makes sense that the earth would warm faster as there is less surface ice.

    After the ice age it took longer for the surface temperatures to increase due to all the ice.

    Now with less and less ice, the surface temperature will heat up faster.

    Kinda like cracking an egg on the hood of your car in the hot sun vs cracking one in your freezer over a block of ice…

  5. do we ever think about that the whole solar system is heating up?? why??? because humans becoming more light,,spiritual light we receive intense energies from the central sun and other sources,,,,as long as we think 3D we will never have the truth,,,so finding a culprit,,,lol,,,we need to look at our self,,,ever thought about that we moving through a photon belt ????,,,earth is ascending either you go with it or stay behind,,,,that are my thoughts

    • Excellent. And the sun is not hot. The sun is Light, not fire. Mountains – closer to the sun – are cold, not hot. It is the interaction of the sun with the magnetic field of the Earth that creates heat (and gravity).

  6. This article proves chemists are not climatologists. The heating of the surface temp of the ocean is what is important in the theory of man made climate change, not deep seas. His point about the sun heating the earth also goes no where. Yes, the angle of the sun creates our seasons, but what relevance does that have to the fact that the earth is getting hotter?

  7. Everybody will have to know by NOW, that the all global warming is the biggest hoax in history of the planet, only sheep’s still believe in the liars of the ruling elite in a way to get new taxes and keeping enslaving them. Time to wake up! and go in transformation of a “normal” sheep to the rebel one, the great black sheep and start disobedient your government and f@ck the system.

  8. If it is not possible to tell a lie we would not have religion politics business science and many other brain washing institutions.Most people who have brain they do not know how to use it,they would rather pay somebody to think for them.If only humanity knows that whole world system is one big hand in everyone’s pocket to be feed on daily basis.These people are scared to death and that’s what big hand wants.This article is spot on what I call practical thinking.Climate was and will always change at globalists delight and they know how gullible sheeple is herding them all the way to the slaughter house of n.w.o.If only these sheeple know how valuable their brain is they can get top price for it on e-bay advertising it as brand new new been used.One Italian doctor is attempting to transplant human head.So there is future market for sheeple.


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